Insight - Composite

Definition

Name

Value

Description

Profile

Insight

A piece of content that represents an expert's view on a particular topic, data or trend.

These will only appear on the Create product.

Type

Composite

An item comprised of a combination of text, html (with embeds) and images.

Important Metadata

Name

Description

Id

The unique id of the content item

First Created

The timestamp of when the first version of this content item was published.

Version Created

The timestamp of when the most recent version of this content item was published.

Content

The main content of the item.

In the case of a composite asset this will be fragment of html.

The html will contain textual content in

sections as well as embedded images, videos and social content.

Topic

PA Specific metadata to define an event or story.

For more information please see Subject FAQs.

Keyword

PA Specific metadata to define an event or story.

For more information please see Subject FAQs.

Service

The service that this content is part of inside of a product.

For more information please see Service FAQ.

Feature Image

This will be a high quality image that can be used alongside the story.

This could be as a 16x9 a banner, a preview image or a thumbnail.

For more information on how to use Content API image please see Images.

Ninjs (JSON)

Request

curl \
  -H "Accept: application/json" \
  -H "apikey: <API KEY>" \
  https://content.api.pressassociation.io/v1/item/96c025bf-a5ba-4e71-b62c-31e98160001f?product=paproduct:create

Response

{
    "uri": "96c025bf-a5ba-4e71-b62c-31e98160001f",
    "type": "composite",
    "profile": "insight",
    "version": "1",
    "firstcreated": "2021-09-20T11:30:14Z",
    "versioncreated": "2021-09-20T11:30:14Z",
    "issued": "2021-09-20T11:30:14Z",
    "urgency": 6,
    "pubstatus": "usable",
    "language": "en",
    "byline": "By Christopher McKeon, PA",
    "headline": "Difficult winter in store as gas prices set to remain high – analyst",
    "description_text": "Covid was only part of the reason for soaring gas prices and the pressure was likely to continue, Kateryna Filippenko said.",
    "description_html": "<p>Covid was only part of the reason for soaring gas prices and the pressure was likely to continue, Kateryna Filippenko said.</p>",
    "body_text": "The UK’s energy price difficulties are likely to continue into 2022 as conditions in the international gas market remain challenging, an energy analyst has said.\n\nSpeaking at New York’s JFK airport, Prime Minister Boris Johnson suggested that the UK’s soaring energy prices were a “short-term problem” caused by the world economy “waking up after Covid”.\n\nBut Kateryna Filippenko, principal analyst at Edinburgh-based energy research company Wood Mackenzie, disagreed suggesting the winter would continue to be “tight”.\n\nShe told the PA news agency: “Covid has played a role but it’s more complicated than that. I would definitely not say this was the main reason.”\n\nPart of the problem is the UK’s own gas production, which has slumped 28% compared to last year due to to a series of planned and unplanned maintenance projects and delays.\n\nWhile gas prices have soared globally, this production downturn has placed the UK in a particularly vulnerable position, as has unusually low output from wind generation. As a result, the UK is having to import more energy from an already strained global market.\n\nMs Filippenko said: “At the same time, we have Asian gas demand growing strongly, partly due to the recovery from Covid but also the main Asian growth drivers like economic growth.\n\n“Asia is ready to offer higher prices for LNG (liquified natural gas). In the Atlantic basin, we have countries like Brazil with higher demand for LNG as well.\n\n“That all means less available for Europe.”\n\nAnother difficulty is that the UK’s usual alternative to gas generation is not as readily available. Ms Filippenko explained that, in normal times, the UK would switch to generating electricity from coal when gas prices rose.\n\nBut, she said, the coal market was also “tight” due to “a range of supply disruptions”.\n\nShe added: “Carbon prices are also very high, so that makes switching to coal more unattractive.”\n\nCoal-generating capacity has also shrunk dramatically in recent years to four gigawatts, compared to more than 30 gigawatts of gas-generating capacity.\n\nCold winter could spell problems\n\nGas output has begun to increase since the summer as maintenance work is completed, but overall output will stay low and the UK will remain vulnerable to cold snaps.\n\nMs Filippenko said: “We do expect UK production to recover a bit. It will bring some balance to this system, but this balance will be a very fine one and any cold spell could put strain on the system.”\n\nFurther help could come from the Russian Nord Stream 2 pipeline, although this still needs approval from the German regulator and there is uncertainty about if and when this will be granted.\n\nMs Filippenko added that the supplies from Nord Stream 2 would also not necessarily be in addition to gas already imported from Russia but could simply replace existing supplies into Europe, limiting the impact on prices.\n\nHer conclusion was that while pressure on prices would ease, this would not be until next year making for a difficult winter for both Europe in general and the UK in particular.",
    "body_html": "<p>The UK&rsquo;s energy price difficulties are likely to continue into 2022 as conditions in the international gas market remain challenging, an energy analyst has said.</p><p>Speaking at New York&rsquo;s JFK airport, Prime Minister Boris Johnson suggested that the UK&rsquo;s soaring energy prices were a &ldquo;short-term problem&rdquo; caused by the world economy &ldquo;waking up after Covid&rdquo;.</p><p>But Kateryna Filippenko, principal analyst at Edinburgh-based energy research company Wood Mackenzie, disagreed suggesting the winter would continue to be &ldquo;tight&rdquo;.</p><p>She told the PA news agency: &ldquo;Covid has played a role but it&rsquo;s more complicated than that. I would definitely not say this was the main reason.&rdquo;</p><!-- EMBED START Image --><figure id=\"embedded262547619\"><img src=\"//image.assets.pressassociation.io/v2/image/production/832aa5e288b35c7fc4c6607e2ebb126eY29udGVudHNlYXJjaGFwaSwxNjMyMjIxMzQw/2.62547619.jpg?w=640\" alt=\"POLITICS Gas\" data-title=\"POLITICS Gas\" data-copyright-holder=\"PA Graphics\" data-copyright-notice=\"PA Graphics/Press Association Images\" data-credit=\"PA Graphics\" data-usage-terms=\"\" srcset=\"https://image.assets.pressassociation.io/v2/image/production/832aa5e288b35c7fc4c6607e2ebb126eY29udGVudHNlYXJjaGFwaSwxNjMyMjIxMzQw/2.62547619.jpg?w=320 320w, https://image.assets.pressassociation.io/v2/image/production/832aa5e288b35c7fc4c6607e2ebb126eY29udGVudHNlYXJjaGFwaSwxNjMyMjIxMzQw/2.62547619.jpg?w=640 640w, https://image.assets.pressassociation.io/v2/image/production/832aa5e288b35c7fc4c6607e2ebb126eY29udGVudHNlYXJjaGFwaSwxNjMyMjIxMzQw/2.62547619.jpg?w=1280 1280w\" sizes=\"(max-width: 767px) 89vw, (max-width: 1000px) 54vw, (max-width: 1071px) 543px, 580px\"><figcaption>(PA Graphics)</figcaption></figure><!-- EMBED END Image --><p>Part of the problem is the UK&rsquo;s own gas production, which has slumped 28% compared to last year due to to a series of planned and unplanned maintenance projects and delays.</p><p>While gas prices have soared globally, this production downturn has placed the UK in a particularly vulnerable position, as has unusually low output from wind generation. As a result, the UK is having to import more energy from an already strained global market.</p><p>Ms Filippenko said: &ldquo;At the same time, we have Asian gas demand growing strongly, partly due to the recovery from Covid but also the main Asian growth drivers like economic growth.</p><p>&ldquo;Asia is ready to offer higher prices for LNG (liquified natural gas). In the Atlantic basin, we have countries like Brazil with higher demand for LNG as well.</p><p>&ldquo;That all means less available for Europe.&rdquo;</p><p>Another difficulty is that the UK&rsquo;s usual alternative to gas generation is not as readily available. Ms Filippenko explained that, in normal times, the UK would switch to generating electricity from coal when gas prices rose.</p><p>But, she said, the coal market was also &ldquo;tight&rdquo; due to &ldquo;a range of supply disruptions&rdquo;.</p><!-- EMBED START Image --><figure id=\"embedded25380957\"><img src=\"//image.assets.pressassociation.io/v2/image/production/3b82ad45f481d514aad368d0ddb0c470Y29udGVudHNlYXJjaGFwaSwxNjMyMjIxMjIy/2.5380957.jpg?w=640\" alt=\"Final link in giant gas pipeline\" data-title=\"Final link in giant gas pipeline\" data-copyright-holder=\"PA Archive\" data-copyright-notice=\"PA Archive/PA Images\" data-credit=\"David Jones\" data-usage-terms=\"\" srcset=\"https://image.assets.pressassociation.io/v2/image/production/3b82ad45f481d514aad368d0ddb0c470Y29udGVudHNlYXJjaGFwaSwxNjMyMjIxMjIy/2.5380957.jpg?w=320 320w, https://image.assets.pressassociation.io/v2/image/production/3b82ad45f481d514aad368d0ddb0c470Y29udGVudHNlYXJjaGFwaSwxNjMyMjIxMjIy/2.5380957.jpg?w=640 640w, https://image.assets.pressassociation.io/v2/image/production/3b82ad45f481d514aad368d0ddb0c470Y29udGVudHNlYXJjaGFwaSwxNjMyMjIxMjIy/2.5380957.jpg?w=1280 1280w\" sizes=\"(max-width: 767px) 89vw, (max-width: 1000px) 54vw, (max-width: 1071px) 543px, 580px\"><figcaption>Gas output has begun to increase as summer maintenance work has been completed (David Jones/PA)</figcaption></figure><!-- EMBED END Image --><p>She added: &ldquo;Carbon prices are also very high, so that makes switching to coal more unattractive.&rdquo;</p><p>Coal-generating capacity has also shrunk dramatically in recent years to four gigawatts, compared to more than 30 gigawatts of gas-generating capacity.</p><h2>Cold winter could spell problems</h2><p>Gas output has begun to increase since the summer as maintenance work is completed, but overall output will stay low and the UK will remain vulnerable to cold snaps.</p><p>Ms Filippenko said: &ldquo;We do expect UK production to recover a bit. It will bring some balance to this system, but this balance will be a very fine one and any cold spell could put strain on the system.&rdquo;</p><p>Further help could come from the Russian Nord Stream 2 pipeline, although this still needs approval from the German regulator and there is uncertainty about if and when this will be granted.</p><p>Ms Filippenko added that the supplies from Nord Stream 2 would also not necessarily be in addition to gas already imported from Russia but could simply replace existing supplies into Europe, limiting the impact on prices.</p><p>Her conclusion was that while pressure on prices would ease, this would not be until next year making for a difficult winter for both Europe in general and the UK in particular.</p>",
    "subject": [
        {
            "code": "paservice:news",
            "name": "News",
            "profile": "paservice",
            "scheme": "https://content.api.pressassociation.io/v1/subject",
            "rel": "partOf"
        },
        {
            "code": "paservice:news:uk",
            "name": "UK",
            "profile": "paservice",
            "scheme": "https://content.api.pressassociation.io/v1/subject",
            "rel": "partOf"
        },
        {
            "code": "patopic:politics",
            "name": "Politics",
            "profile": "patopic",
            "scheme": "https://content.api.pressassociation.io/v1/subject",
            "rel": "about"
        },
        {
            "code": "pakeyword:gas",
            "name": "Gas",
            "profile": "pakeyword",
            "scheme": "https://content.api.pressassociation.io/v1/subject",
            "rel": "about"
        },
        {
            "code": "pakeyword:analysis",
            "name": "Analysis",
            "profile": "pakeyword",
            "scheme": "https://content.api.pressassociation.io/v1/subject",
            "rel": "about"
        },
        {
            "code": "paterritory:uk",
            "name": "UK",
            "profile": "paterritory",
            "scheme": "https://content.api.pressassociation.io/v1/subject",
            "rel": "intendedFor"
        },
        {
            "code": "tag:energy",
            "name": "Energy",
            "profile": "tag",
            "scheme": "https://content.api.pressassociation.io/v1/subject",
            "rel": "about"
        },
        {
            "code": "tag:energy-prices",
            "name": "Energy prices",
            "profile": "tag",
            "scheme": "https://content.api.pressassociation.io/v1/subject",
            "rel": "about"
        },
        {
            "code": "tag:europe",
            "name": "Europe",
            "profile": "tag",
            "scheme": "https://content.api.pressassociation.io/v1/subject",
            "rel": "about"
        },
        {
            "code": "tag:gas",
            "name": "Gas",
            "profile": "tag",
            "scheme": "https://content.api.pressassociation.io/v1/subject",
            "rel": "about"
        },
        {
            "code": "tag:gas-prices",
            "name": "gas prices",
            "profile": "tag",
            "scheme": "https://content.api.pressassociation.io/v1/subject",
            "rel": "about"
        },
        {
            "code": "tag:nord-stream-2",
            "name": "Nord Stream 2",
            "profile": "tag",
            "scheme": "https://content.api.pressassociation.io/v1/subject",
            "rel": "about"
        },
        {
            "code": "tag:russia",
            "name": "Russia",
            "profile": "tag",
            "scheme": "https://content.api.pressassociation.io/v1/subject",
            "rel": "about"
        },
        {
            "code": "contributor:pa",
            "name": "PA",
            "profile": "contributor",
            "scheme": "https://content.api.pressassociation.io/v1/subject",
            "rel": "contributedBy"
        }
    ],
    "event": [
        {
            "code": "paevent:4b2ea973cb870d83e40e5f5eb8a1e26d078c68fe4fe29eeadd76503b697abff8",
            "name": "Politics Gas Analysis 20/09/2021",
            "profile": "paevent",
            "scheme": "https://content.api.pressassociation.io/v1/event",
            "rel": "partOf"
        },
        {
            "code": "paevent:c38f7b21549753f138dd95e0473d795c40053ab0e54d8263cf51304f550e1222",
            "name": "Politics Gas 20/09/2021",
            "profile": "paevent",
            "scheme": "https://content.api.pressassociation.io/v1/event",
            "rel": "relatedTo"
        }
    ],
    "associations": {
        "featureimage": {
            "type": "picture",
            "headline": "Winter weather Dec 9th 2019",
            "description_text": "Coal-generating capacity has shrunk dramatically in recent years (Peter Byrne/PA)",
            "body_text": "The sun rises behind Fiddlers Ferry Power Station in Widnes",
            "copyrightholder": "PA Archive",
            "copyrightnotice": "PA Archive/PA Images",
            "description_credit": "Peter Byrne",
            "renditions": {
                "original": {
                    "href": "https://image.assets.pressassociation.io/v2/image/production/270ed6dd449135069110e10be9c1dfb8Y29udGVudHNlYXJjaGFwaSwxNjMyMjIxMTIx/2.48904902.jpg",
                    "mimetype": "image/jpg",
                    "height": 3540,
                    "width": 5472,
                    "poi": {
                        "x": 3028,
                        "y": 1654
                    }
                },
                "16x9": {
                    "href": "https://image.assets.pressassociation.io/v2/image/production/270ed6dd449135069110e10be9c1dfb8Y29udGVudHNlYXJjaGFwaSwxNjMyMjIxMTIx/2.48904902.jpg?rect=0,117,5472,3078&ext=.jpg",
                    "mimetype": "image/jpg",
                    "height": 3078,
                    "width": 5472
                },
                "4x3": {
                    "href": "https://image.assets.pressassociation.io/v2/image/production/270ed6dd449135069110e10be9c1dfb8Y29udGVudHNlYXJjaGFwaSwxNjMyMjIxMTIx/2.48904902.jpg?rect=616,0,4720,3540&ext=.jpg",
                    "mimetype": "image/jpg",
                    "height": 3540,
                    "width": 4720
                },
                "3x2": {
                    "href": "https://image.assets.pressassociation.io/v2/image/production/270ed6dd449135069110e10be9c1dfb8Y29udGVudHNlYXJjaGFwaSwxNjMyMjIxMTIx/2.48904902.jpg?rect=137,0,5310,3540&ext=.jpg",
                    "mimetype": "image/jpg",
                    "height": 3540,
                    "width": 5310
                },
                "2x1": {
                    "href": "https://image.assets.pressassociation.io/v2/image/production/270ed6dd449135069110e10be9c1dfb8Y29udGVudHNlYXJjaGFwaSwxNjMyMjIxMTIx/2.48904902.jpg?rect=0,272,5472,2736&ext=.jpg",
                    "mimetype": "image/jpg",
                    "height": 2736,
                    "width": 5472
                },
                "1x1": {
                    "href": "https://image.assets.pressassociation.io/v2/image/production/270ed6dd449135069110e10be9c1dfb8Y29udGVudHNlYXJjaGFwaSwxNjMyMjIxMTIx/2.48904902.jpg?rect=1392,0,3540,3540&ext=.jpg",
                    "mimetype": "image/jpg",
                    "height": 3540,
                    "width": 3540
                }
            }
        }
    },
    "links": [
        {
            "rel": "self",
            "href": "https://content.api.pressassociation.io/v1/item/96c025bf-a5ba-4e71-b62c-31e98160001f"
        }
    ]
}

Important Metadata Mappings

Name

JSON Path

Id

uri

First Created

firstcreated

Version Created

versioncreated

Content

body_html

Topic

subject[?(@.profile == 'patopic')]

Keyword

subject[?(@.profile == 'pakeyword')]

Service

subject[?(@.profile == 'paservice')]

Feature Image (16x9)

associations.featureimage.renditions.16x9.href

Feature Image (Original)

associations.featureimage.renditions.original.href

ATOM

Request

curl \
  -H "Accept: application/atom+xml" \
  -H "apikey: <API KEY>" \
  https://content.api.pressassociation.io/v1/item/96c025bf-a5ba-4e71-b62c-31e98160001f?product=paproduct:create

Response

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8" ?>
<feed xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2005/Atom"
  xmlns:media="http://search.yahoo.com/mrss/"
  xmlns:opensearch="http://a9.com/-/spec/opensearch/1.1/"
  xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/"
  xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/"
  xmlns:pa="http://api.pressassociation.io/mrss/"
  xmlns:snf="http://www.smartnews.be/snf/">
  <id>https://content.api.pressassociation.io/v1/item/96c025bf-a5ba-4e71-b62c-31e98160001f</id>
  <title>Press Association: Content API</title>
  <updated>2021-09-20T14:53:05.454Z</updated>
  <link href="https://content.api.pressassociation.io/v1/item/96c025bf-a5ba-4e71-b62c-31e98160001f" rel="self"/>
  <opensearch:itemsPerPage>1</opensearch:itemsPerPage>
  <opensearch:totalResults>1</opensearch:totalResults>
  <opensearch:startIndex>0</opensearch:startIndex>
  <snf:logo>
    <url>http://logo.static.press.net/pa-logo-smartnews.png</url>
  </snf:logo>
  <entry>
    <id>https://content.api.pressassociation.io/v1/item/96c025bf-a5ba-4e71-b62c-31e98160001f</id>
    <author>
      <name>By Christopher McKeon, PA</name>
    </author>
    <title>
      <![CDATA[Difficult winter in store as gas prices set to remain high – analyst]]>
    </title>
    <link rel="self" href="https://content.api.pressassociation.io/v1/item/96c025bf-a5ba-4e71-b62c-31e98160001f"/>
    <link rel="alternate" href="https://content.api.pressassociation.io/v1/item/96c025bf-a5ba-4e71-b62c-31e98160001f"/>
    <link rel="related" href="https://content.api.pressassociation.io/v1/item/96c025bf-a5ba-4e71-b62c-31e98160001f/more-like-this"/>
    <published>2021-09-20T11:30:14.000Z</published>
    <updated>2021-09-20T11:30:14.000Z</updated>
    <summary type="text">
      <![CDATA[Covid was only part of the reason for soaring gas prices and the pressure was likely to continue, Kateryna Filippenko said.]]>
    </summary>
    <content type="html">
      <![CDATA[<p>The UK&rsquo;s energy price difficulties are likely to continue into 2022 as conditions in the international gas market remain challenging, an energy analyst has said.</p><p>Speaking at New York&rsquo;s JFK airport, Prime Minister Boris Johnson suggested that the UK&rsquo;s soaring energy prices were a &ldquo;short-term problem&rdquo; caused by the world economy &ldquo;waking up after Covid&rdquo;.</p><p>But Kateryna Filippenko, principal analyst at Edinburgh-based energy research company Wood Mackenzie, disagreed suggesting the winter would continue to be &ldquo;tight&rdquo;.</p><p>She told the PA news agency: &ldquo;Covid has played a role but it&rsquo;s more complicated than that. I would definitely not say this was the main reason.&rdquo;</p>
            <!-- EMBED START Image -->
<figure id="embedded262547619">
<img src="//image.assets.pressassociation.io/v2/image/production/832aa5e288b35c7fc4c6607e2ebb126eY29udGVudHNlYXJjaGFwaSwxNjMyMjIxMzQw/2.62547619.jpg?w=640" alt="POLITICS Gas" data-title="POLITICS Gas" data-copyright-holder="PA Graphics" data-copyright-notice="PA Graphics/Press Association Images" data-credit="PA Graphics" data-usage-terms="" srcset="https://image.assets.pressassociation.io/v2/image/production/832aa5e288b35c7fc4c6607e2ebb126eY29udGVudHNlYXJjaGFwaSwxNjMyMjIxMzQw/2.62547619.jpg?w=320 320w, https://image.assets.pressassociation.io/v2/image/production/832aa5e288b35c7fc4c6607e2ebb126eY29udGVudHNlYXJjaGFwaSwxNjMyMjIxMzQw/2.62547619.jpg?w=640 640w, https://image.assets.pressassociation.io/v2/image/production/832aa5e288b35c7fc4c6607e2ebb126eY29udGVudHNlYXJjaGFwaSwxNjMyMjIxMzQw/2.62547619.jpg?w=1280 1280w" sizes="(max-width: 767px) 89vw, (max-width: 1000px) 54vw, (max-width: 1071px) 543px, 580px">
<figcaption>(PA Graphics)</figcaption>
</figure>
<!-- EMBED END Image -->
<p>Part of the problem is the UK&rsquo;s own gas production, which has slumped 28% compared to last year due to to a series of planned and unplanned maintenance projects and delays.</p>
<p>While gas prices have soared globally, this production downturn has placed the UK in a particularly vulnerable position, as has unusually low output from wind generation. As a result, the UK is having to import more energy from an already strained global market.</p>
<p>Ms Filippenko said: &ldquo;At the same time, we have Asian gas demand growing strongly, partly due to the recovery from Covid but also the main Asian growth drivers like economic growth.</p>
<p>&ldquo;Asia is ready to offer higher prices for LNG (liquified natural gas). In the Atlantic basin, we have countries like Brazil with higher demand for LNG as well.</p>
<p>&ldquo;That all means less available for Europe.&rdquo;</p>
<p>Another difficulty is that the UK&rsquo;s usual alternative to gas generation is not as readily available. Ms Filippenko explained that, in normal times, the UK would switch to generating electricity from coal when gas prices rose.</p>
<p>But, she said, the coal market was also &ldquo;tight&rdquo; due to &ldquo;a range of supply disruptions&rdquo;.</p>
<!-- EMBED START Image -->
<figure id="embedded25380957">
<img src="//image.assets.pressassociation.io/v2/image/production/3b82ad45f481d514aad368d0ddb0c470Y29udGVudHNlYXJjaGFwaSwxNjMyMjIxMjIy/2.5380957.jpg?w=640" alt="Final link in giant gas pipeline" data-title="Final link in giant gas pipeline" data-copyright-holder="PA Archive" data-copyright-notice="PA Archive/PA Images" data-credit="David Jones" data-usage-terms="" srcset="https://image.assets.pressassociation.io/v2/image/production/3b82ad45f481d514aad368d0ddb0c470Y29udGVudHNlYXJjaGFwaSwxNjMyMjIxMjIy/2.5380957.jpg?w=320 320w, https://image.assets.pressassociation.io/v2/image/production/3b82ad45f481d514aad368d0ddb0c470Y29udGVudHNlYXJjaGFwaSwxNjMyMjIxMjIy/2.5380957.jpg?w=640 640w, https://image.assets.pressassociation.io/v2/image/production/3b82ad45f481d514aad368d0ddb0c470Y29udGVudHNlYXJjaGFwaSwxNjMyMjIxMjIy/2.5380957.jpg?w=1280 1280w" sizes="(max-width: 767px) 89vw, (max-width: 1000px) 54vw, (max-width: 1071px) 543px, 580px">
<figcaption>Gas output has begun to increase as summer maintenance work has been completed (David Jones/PA)</figcaption>
</figure>
<!-- EMBED END Image -->
<p>She added: &ldquo;Carbon prices are also very high, so that makes switching to coal more unattractive.&rdquo;</p>
<p>Coal-generating capacity has also shrunk dramatically in recent years to four gigawatts, compared to more than 30 gigawatts of gas-generating capacity.</p>
<h2>Cold winter could spell problems</h2>
<p>Gas output has begun to increase since the summer as maintenance work is completed, but overall output will stay low and the UK will remain vulnerable to cold snaps.</p>
<p>Ms Filippenko said: &ldquo;We do expect UK production to recover a bit. It will bring some balance to this system, but this balance will be a very fine one and any cold spell could put strain on the system.&rdquo;</p>
<p>Further help could come from the Russian Nord Stream 2 pipeline, although this still needs approval from the German regulator and there is uncertainty about if and when this will be granted.</p>
<p>Ms Filippenko added that the supplies from Nord Stream 2 would also not necessarily be in addition to gas already imported from Russia but could simply replace existing supplies into Europe, limiting the impact on prices.</p>
<p>Her conclusion was that while pressure on prices would ease, this would not be until next year making for a difficult winter for both Europe in general and the UK in particular.</p>]]>
    </content>
    <category term="paservice:news" scheme="urn:pa:subject:paservice" label="News"/>
    <category term="paservice:news:uk" scheme="urn:pa:subject:paservice" label="UK"/>
    <category term="patopic:politics" scheme="urn:pa:subject:patopic" label="Politics"/>
    <category term="pakeyword:gas" scheme="urn:pa:subject:pakeyword" label="Gas"/>
    <category term="pakeyword:analysis" scheme="urn:pa:subject:pakeyword" label="Analysis"/>
    <category term="paterritory:uk" scheme="urn:pa:subject:paterritory" label="UK"/>
    <category term="tag:energy" scheme="urn:pa:subject:tag" label="Energy"/>
    <category term="tag:energy-prices" scheme="urn:pa:subject:tag" label="Energy prices"/>
    <category term="tag:europe" scheme="urn:pa:subject:tag" label="Europe"/>
    <category term="tag:gas" scheme="urn:pa:subject:tag" label="Gas"/>
    <category term="tag:gas-prices" scheme="urn:pa:subject:tag" label="gas prices"/>
    <category term="tag:nord-stream-2" scheme="urn:pa:subject:tag" label="Nord Stream 2"/>
    <category term="tag:russia" scheme="urn:pa:subject:tag" label="Russia"/>
    <category term="contributor:pa" scheme="urn:pa:subject:contributor" label="PA"/>
    <category term="profile:insight-non-media" scheme="urn:pa:content:profile" label="insight-non-media"/>
    <category term="type:composite" scheme="urn:pa:content:type" label="composite"/>
    <media:thumbnail url="https://image.assets.pressassociation.io/v2/image/production/270ed6dd449135069110e10be9c1dfb8Y29udGVudHNlYXJjaGFwaSwxNjMyMjIxMTIx/2.48904902.jpg?rect=0,117,5472,3078&amp;ext=.jpg" width="5472" height="3078"/>
    <media:group>
      <media:content url="https://image.assets.pressassociation.io/v2/image/production/270ed6dd449135069110e10be9c1dfb8Y29udGVudHNlYXJjaGFwaSwxNjMyMjIxMTIx/2.48904902.jpg" type="image/jpg" width="5472" height="3540">
        <media:category scheme="urn:pa:media:rendition">original</media:category>
        <pa:poi x="3028" y="1654"/>
      </media:content>
      <media:content url="https://image.assets.pressassociation.io/v2/image/production/270ed6dd449135069110e10be9c1dfb8Y29udGVudHNlYXJjaGFwaSwxNjMyMjIxMTIx/2.48904902.jpg?rect=0,117,5472,3078&amp;ext=.jpg" type="image/jpg" width="5472" height="3078">
        <media:category scheme="urn:pa:media:rendition">16x9</media:category>
      </media:content>
      <media:content url="https://image.assets.pressassociation.io/v2/image/production/270ed6dd449135069110e10be9c1dfb8Y29udGVudHNlYXJjaGFwaSwxNjMyMjIxMTIx/2.48904902.jpg?rect=616,0,4720,3540&amp;ext=.jpg" type="image/jpg" width="4720" height="3540">
        <media:category scheme="urn:pa:media:rendition">4x3</media:category>
      </media:content>
      <media:content url="https://image.assets.pressassociation.io/v2/image/production/270ed6dd449135069110e10be9c1dfb8Y29udGVudHNlYXJjaGFwaSwxNjMyMjIxMTIx/2.48904902.jpg?rect=137,0,5310,3540&amp;ext=.jpg" type="image/jpg" width="5310" height="3540">
        <media:category scheme="urn:pa:media:rendition">3x2</media:category>
      </media:content>
      <media:content url="https://image.assets.pressassociation.io/v2/image/production/270ed6dd449135069110e10be9c1dfb8Y29udGVudHNlYXJjaGFwaSwxNjMyMjIxMTIx/2.48904902.jpg?rect=0,272,5472,2736&amp;ext=.jpg" type="image/jpg" width="5472" height="2736">
        <media:category scheme="urn:pa:media:rendition">2x1</media:category>
      </media:content>
      <media:content url="https://image.assets.pressassociation.io/v2/image/production/270ed6dd449135069110e10be9c1dfb8Y29udGVudHNlYXJjaGFwaSwxNjMyMjIxMTIx/2.48904902.jpg?rect=1392,0,3540,3540&amp;ext=.jpg" type="image/jpg" width="3540" height="3540">
        <media:category scheme="urn:pa:media:rendition">1x1</media:category>
      </media:content>
      <media:title>Winter weather Dec 9th 2019</media:title>
      <media:description>Coal-generating capacity has shrunk dramatically in recent years (Peter Byrne/PA)</media:description>
      <media:text>The sun rises behind Fiddlers Ferry Power Station in Widnes</media:text>
      <media:copyright></media:copyright>
      <media:credit></media:credit>
      <media:category scheme="urn:pa:media:association">featureimage</media:category>
    </media:group>
  </entry>
</feed>

Important Metadata Mappings

Name

JSON Path

Id

//feed/entry/id

First Created

//feed/entry/published

Version Created

//feed/entry/updated

Content

//feed/entry/content[@scheme="urn:pa:subject:patopic"]

Topic

//feed/entry/content[@type="html"]

Keyword

//feed/entry/category[@scheme="urn:pa:subject:pakeyword"]

Service

//feed/entry/category[@scheme="urn:pa:subject:paservice"]

Feature Image Renditions

//feed/entry/media:group/media:content

//feed/entry/media:group/media:content/media:category explains the rendition

RSS

Request

curl \
  -H "Accept: application/rss+xml" \
  -H "apikey: <API KEY>" \
  https://content.api.pressassociation.io/v1/item/96c025bf-a5ba-4e71-b62c-31e98160001f?product=paproduct:create

Response

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8" ?>
<rss version="2.0"
  xmlns:atom="http://www.w3.org/2005/Atom"
  xmlns:content="http://purl.org/rss/1.0/modules/content/"
  xmlns:media="http://search.yahoo.com/mrss/"
  xmlns:opensearch="http://a9.com/-/spec/opensearch/1.1/"
  xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/"
  xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/"
  xmlns:pa="http://api.pressassociation.io/mrss/"
  xmlns:snf="http://www.smartnews.be/snf/">
  <channel>
    <title>Press Association: Content API</title>
    <description>A collection of content items</description>
    <language>en</language>
    <link>https://content.api.pressassociation.io/v1/item/96c025bf-a5ba-4e71-b62c-31e98160001f</link>
    <atom:link href="https://content.api.pressassociation.io/v1/item/96c025bf-a5ba-4e71-b62c-31e98160001f" rel="self"/>
    <opensearch:itemsPerPage>1</opensearch:itemsPerPage>
    <opensearch:totalResults>1</opensearch:totalResults>
    <opensearch:startIndex>0</opensearch:startIndex>
    <snf:logo>
      <snf:url>http://logo.static.press.net/pa-logo-smartnews.png</snf:url>
    </snf:logo>
    <lastBuildDate>Mon, 20 Sep 2021 14:53:40 GMT</lastBuildDate>
    <item>
      <title>Difficult winter in store as gas prices set to remain high – analyst</title>
      <link>https://content.api.pressassociation.io/v1/item/96c025bf-a5ba-4e71-b62c-31e98160001f</link>
      <pubDate>Mon, 20 Sep 2021 11:30:14 GMT</pubDate>
      <description>
        <![CDATA[<p>Covid was only part of the reason for soaring gas prices and the pressure was likely to continue, Kateryna Filippenko said.</p>]]>
      </description>
      <dcterms:abstract>Covid was only part of the reason for soaring gas prices and the pressure was likely to continue, Kateryna Filippenko said.</dcterms:abstract>
      <dc:publisher>PA</dc:publisher>
      <dcterms:created>2021-09-20T11:30:14.000Z</dcterms:created>
      <dcterms:modified>2021-09-20T11:30:14.000Z</dcterms:modified>
      <dc:creator>By Christopher McKeon, PA</dc:creator>
      <guid isPermaLink="true">https://content.api.pressassociation.io/v1/item/96c025bf-a5ba-4e71-b62c-31e98160001f</guid>
      <content:encoded>
        <![CDATA[<p>The UK&rsquo;s energy price difficulties are likely to continue into 2022 as conditions in the international gas market remain challenging, an energy analyst has said.</p><p>Speaking at New York&rsquo;s JFK airport, Prime Minister Boris Johnson suggested that the UK&rsquo;s soaring energy prices were a &ldquo;short-term problem&rdquo; caused by the world economy &ldquo;waking up after Covid&rdquo;.</p><p>But Kateryna Filippenko, principal analyst at Edinburgh-based energy research company Wood Mackenzie, disagreed suggesting the winter would continue to be &ldquo;tight&rdquo;.</p><p>She told the PA news agency: &ldquo;Covid has played a role but it&rsquo;s more complicated than that. I would definitely not say this was the main reason.&rdquo;</p>
                <!-- EMBED START Image -->
<figure id="embedded262547619">
<img src="//image.assets.pressassociation.io/v2/image/production/832aa5e288b35c7fc4c6607e2ebb126eY29udGVudHNlYXJjaGFwaSwxNjMyMjIxMzQw/2.62547619.jpg?w=640" alt="POLITICS Gas" data-title="POLITICS Gas" data-copyright-holder="PA Graphics" data-copyright-notice="PA Graphics/Press Association Images" data-credit="PA Graphics" data-usage-terms="" srcset="https://image.assets.pressassociation.io/v2/image/production/832aa5e288b35c7fc4c6607e2ebb126eY29udGVudHNlYXJjaGFwaSwxNjMyMjIxMzQw/2.62547619.jpg?w=320 320w, https://image.assets.pressassociation.io/v2/image/production/832aa5e288b35c7fc4c6607e2ebb126eY29udGVudHNlYXJjaGFwaSwxNjMyMjIxMzQw/2.62547619.jpg?w=640 640w, https://image.assets.pressassociation.io/v2/image/production/832aa5e288b35c7fc4c6607e2ebb126eY29udGVudHNlYXJjaGFwaSwxNjMyMjIxMzQw/2.62547619.jpg?w=1280 1280w" sizes="(max-width: 767px) 89vw, (max-width: 1000px) 54vw, (max-width: 1071px) 543px, 580px">
<figcaption>(PA Graphics)</figcaption>
</figure>
<!-- EMBED END Image -->
<p>Part of the problem is the UK&rsquo;s own gas production, which has slumped 28% compared to last year due to to a series of planned and unplanned maintenance projects and delays.</p>
<p>While gas prices have soared globally, this production downturn has placed the UK in a particularly vulnerable position, as has unusually low output from wind generation. As a result, the UK is having to import more energy from an already strained global market.</p>
<p>Ms Filippenko said: &ldquo;At the same time, we have Asian gas demand growing strongly, partly due to the recovery from Covid but also the main Asian growth drivers like economic growth.</p>
<p>&ldquo;Asia is ready to offer higher prices for LNG (liquified natural gas). In the Atlantic basin, we have countries like Brazil with higher demand for LNG as well.</p>
<p>&ldquo;That all means less available for Europe.&rdquo;</p>
<p>Another difficulty is that the UK&rsquo;s usual alternative to gas generation is not as readily available. Ms Filippenko explained that, in normal times, the UK would switch to generating electricity from coal when gas prices rose.</p>
<p>But, she said, the coal market was also &ldquo;tight&rdquo; due to &ldquo;a range of supply disruptions&rdquo;.</p>
<!-- EMBED START Image -->
<figure id="embedded25380957">
<img src="//image.assets.pressassociation.io/v2/image/production/3b82ad45f481d514aad368d0ddb0c470Y29udGVudHNlYXJjaGFwaSwxNjMyMjIxMjIy/2.5380957.jpg?w=640" alt="Final link in giant gas pipeline" data-title="Final link in giant gas pipeline" data-copyright-holder="PA Archive" data-copyright-notice="PA Archive/PA Images" data-credit="David Jones" data-usage-terms="" srcset="https://image.assets.pressassociation.io/v2/image/production/3b82ad45f481d514aad368d0ddb0c470Y29udGVudHNlYXJjaGFwaSwxNjMyMjIxMjIy/2.5380957.jpg?w=320 320w, https://image.assets.pressassociation.io/v2/image/production/3b82ad45f481d514aad368d0ddb0c470Y29udGVudHNlYXJjaGFwaSwxNjMyMjIxMjIy/2.5380957.jpg?w=640 640w, https://image.assets.pressassociation.io/v2/image/production/3b82ad45f481d514aad368d0ddb0c470Y29udGVudHNlYXJjaGFwaSwxNjMyMjIxMjIy/2.5380957.jpg?w=1280 1280w" sizes="(max-width: 767px) 89vw, (max-width: 1000px) 54vw, (max-width: 1071px) 543px, 580px">
<figcaption>Gas output has begun to increase as summer maintenance work has been completed (David Jones/PA)</figcaption>
</figure>
<!-- EMBED END Image -->
<p>She added: &ldquo;Carbon prices are also very high, so that makes switching to coal more unattractive.&rdquo;</p>
<p>Coal-generating capacity has also shrunk dramatically in recent years to four gigawatts, compared to more than 30 gigawatts of gas-generating capacity.</p>
<h2>Cold winter could spell problems</h2>
<p>Gas output has begun to increase since the summer as maintenance work is completed, but overall output will stay low and the UK will remain vulnerable to cold snaps.</p>
<p>Ms Filippenko said: &ldquo;We do expect UK production to recover a bit. It will bring some balance to this system, but this balance will be a very fine one and any cold spell could put strain on the system.&rdquo;</p>
<p>Further help could come from the Russian Nord Stream 2 pipeline, although this still needs approval from the German regulator and there is uncertainty about if and when this will be granted.</p>
<p>Ms Filippenko added that the supplies from Nord Stream 2 would also not necessarily be in addition to gas already imported from Russia but could simply replace existing supplies into Europe, limiting the impact on prices.</p>
<p>Her conclusion was that while pressure on prices would ease, this would not be until next year making for a difficult winter for both Europe in general and the UK in particular.</p>]]>
      </content:encoded>
      <category domain="urn:pa:subject:paservice">News</category>
      <category domain="urn:pa:subject:paservice">UK</category>
      <category domain="urn:pa:subject:patopic">Politics</category>
      <category domain="urn:pa:subject:pakeyword">Gas</category>
      <category domain="urn:pa:subject:pakeyword">Analysis</category>
      <category domain="urn:pa:subject:paterritory">UK</category>
      <category domain="urn:pa:subject:tag">Energy</category>
      <category domain="urn:pa:subject:tag">Energy prices</category>
      <category domain="urn:pa:subject:tag">Europe</category>
      <category domain="urn:pa:subject:tag">Gas</category>
      <category domain="urn:pa:subject:tag">gas prices</category>
      <category domain="urn:pa:subject:tag">Nord Stream 2</category>
      <category domain="urn:pa:subject:tag">Russia</category>
      <category domain="urn:pa:subject:contributor">PA</category>
      <category domain="urn:pa:content:profile">insight-non-media</category>
      <category domain="urn:pa:content:type">composite</category>
      <media:thumbnail url="https://image.assets.pressassociation.io/v2/image/production/270ed6dd449135069110e10be9c1dfb8Y29udGVudHNlYXJjaGFwaSwxNjMyMjIxMTIx/2.48904902.jpg?rect=0,117,5472,3078&amp;ext=.jpg" width="5472" height="3078"/>
      <media:group>
        <media:content url="https://image.assets.pressassociation.io/v2/image/production/270ed6dd449135069110e10be9c1dfb8Y29udGVudHNlYXJjaGFwaSwxNjMyMjIxMTIx/2.48904902.jpg" type="image/jpg" width="5472" height="3540">
          <media:category scheme="urn:pa:media:rendition">original</media:category>
          <pa:poi x="3028" y="1654"/>
        </media:content>
        <media:content url="https://image.assets.pressassociation.io/v2/image/production/270ed6dd449135069110e10be9c1dfb8Y29udGVudHNlYXJjaGFwaSwxNjMyMjIxMTIx/2.48904902.jpg?rect=0,117,5472,3078&amp;ext=.jpg" type="image/jpg" width="5472" height="3078">
          <media:category scheme="urn:pa:media:rendition">16x9</media:category>
        </media:content>
        <media:content url="https://image.assets.pressassociation.io/v2/image/production/270ed6dd449135069110e10be9c1dfb8Y29udGVudHNlYXJjaGFwaSwxNjMyMjIxMTIx/2.48904902.jpg?rect=616,0,4720,3540&amp;ext=.jpg" type="image/jpg" width="4720" height="3540">
          <media:category scheme="urn:pa:media:rendition">4x3</media:category>
        </media:content>
        <media:content url="https://image.assets.pressassociation.io/v2/image/production/270ed6dd449135069110e10be9c1dfb8Y29udGVudHNlYXJjaGFwaSwxNjMyMjIxMTIx/2.48904902.jpg?rect=137,0,5310,3540&amp;ext=.jpg" type="image/jpg" width="5310" height="3540">
          <media:category scheme="urn:pa:media:rendition">3x2</media:category>
        </media:content>
        <media:content url="https://image.assets.pressassociation.io/v2/image/production/270ed6dd449135069110e10be9c1dfb8Y29udGVudHNlYXJjaGFwaSwxNjMyMjIxMTIx/2.48904902.jpg?rect=0,272,5472,2736&amp;ext=.jpg" type="image/jpg" width="5472" height="2736">
          <media:category scheme="urn:pa:media:rendition">2x1</media:category>
        </media:content>
        <media:content url="https://image.assets.pressassociation.io/v2/image/production/270ed6dd449135069110e10be9c1dfb8Y29udGVudHNlYXJjaGFwaSwxNjMyMjIxMTIx/2.48904902.jpg?rect=1392,0,3540,3540&amp;ext=.jpg" type="image/jpg" width="3540" height="3540">
          <media:category scheme="urn:pa:media:rendition">1x1</media:category>
        </media:content>
        <media:title>Winter weather Dec 9th 2019</media:title>
        <media:description>Coal-generating capacity has shrunk dramatically in recent years (Peter Byrne/PA)</media:description>
        <media:text>The sun rises behind Fiddlers Ferry Power Station in Widnes</media:text>
        <media:copyright></media:copyright>
        <media:credit></media:credit>
        <media:category scheme="urn:pa:media:association">featureimage</media:category>
      </media:group>
    </item>
  </channel>
</rss>

Important Metadata Mappings

Name

JSON Path

Id

//rss/channel/item/guid

First Created

//rss/channel/item/dcterms:created

Version Created

//rss/channel/item/dcterms:modified

Content

//rss/channel/item/content:encoded

Topic

//rss/channel/item/category[@domain="urn:pa:subject:patopic"]

Keyword

//rss/channel/item/category[@domain="urn:pa:subject:pakeyword"]

Service

//rss/channel/item/category[@domain="urn:pa:subject:paservice"]

Feature Image Renditions

//rss/channel/item/media:group/media:content

//rss/channel/item/media:group/media:content/media:category explains the rendition